IMPORTANT DISEASES TERMS EXPLANATION

1. Anaemia* – Deficiency of haemoglobin in the blood

2. Analgesic* – Medicine which alleviates pain

3. Arthralgia* – Pain in a joint

4. Cephalalgia* – Headache

5. Nephralgia* – Pain in the kidney

6. Neuralgia* – Nerve pain

7. Myalgia* – Muscle pain

8. Otalgia* – Ear ache

9. Gastralgia* – Pain in the stomach

10. Pyoderma* – Skin infection with pus formation

11. Leucoderma* – Defective skin pigmentaion

12. Hysterodynia* – Pain in the uterus

13. Hysterectomy* – Excision of the uterus

14. Nephrectomy* – Excision of a kidney

15. Adenectomy* – Excision of a gland

16. Cholecystectomy* – Excision of gall bladder

17. Thyroidectomy* – Excision of thyroid gland

18. Arthritis* – Inflammation of a joint

19. Bronchitis* – Inflammation of the bronchi

20. Carditis* – Inflammation of the heart

21. Cervicitis* – Inflammation of the cervix

22. Colitis* – Inflammation of the colon

23. Colpitis* – Inflammation of the vagina

24. Cystitis* – Inflammation of the urinary bladder

25. Enteritis* – Inflammation of the intestines

26. Gastritis* – Inflammation of the stomach

27. Glossitis* – Inflammation of the tongue

28. Hepatitis* – Inflammation of the liver

29. Laryngitis* – Inflammation of the larynx

30. Metritis* – Inflammation of the uterus

31. Myelitis* – Inflammation of the spinal cord

32. Nephritis* – Inflammation of the kidney

33. Pharyngitis* – Inflammation of the pharynx

34. Blepharitis* – Inflammation of the eyelids

35. Cholelithiasis* – Stone in the gall bladder

36. Nephrolithiasis* – Stone in the kidney

37. Osteomalacia* – Softening of bones through deficiency of calcium or D vitamin

38. Adenoma* -Benign tumour of glandular tissue

39. Myoma* – Tumour of muscle

40. Diplopia* – Double vision

41. Thrombosis* – Formation of a blood clot

42. Pyloromyotomy* – Incision of pyloric sphincter muscle

43. Hedrophobia* – Fear of water(Rabies in humans)

44. Neuroplasty* – Surgical repair of nerves

45. Pyloraplasty* – Incision of plastic pylorus to widen passage

46. Hemiplegia* – Paralysis of one side of the body

47. Nephroptosis* – Downward displacement of the kidney

48. Amenorrhoea* – Absence of menstrual discharge

49. Dysmenorrhoea* – Painful menstruation

50. Leucorrhoea* – Whitish vaginal discharge

51. Menorrhoea* – Menstrual bleeding

52. Haemorrhage* – Escape of blood from a vessel

53. Arrhythmia* – Any deviation of normal rhythm of heart

54. Cholestasis* – Diminution in the flow of bile

55. Haemostatis* – Arrest of bleeding

56. Neurasthenia* – Nervous debility

57. Cystostomy* – Surgical opening made into the bladder

58. Cystotomy* – Incision into the urinary bladder

59. Hypertrophy* – Increase in the size of tissues

60. Haematuria* – Blood in the urine

61. Glycosuria* – Presence of sugar in the urine

62. Albuminuria* – Presence of albumin in the urine

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