PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT( PPE)

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT ( PPE);-

Specialized clothing or equipment worn by an employee for protection against infections materials

TYPES OF PPE USED IN HEALTHCARE SETTINGS;-

  • Gloves,
  • gowns/aprons,
  • mask and respirators, and
  • face shields

FUNCTION OF GLOVES;-

To protect hands

FUNCTIONS OF GOWNS/APRONS;-

To protect skin and/or clothing

FUNCTIONS OF MASK AND RESPIRATORS;-

To protect mouth/nose

FUNCTION OF RESPIRATORS;-

To protect respiratory tract from airborne infectious agents

FUNCTION OF GOGGLES;-

To protect eyes

FUNCTION OF FACE SHIELDS;-

To protect face, mouth, nose, and eyes

FACTORS INFLUENCING PPE SELECTION;-

Type of exposure anticipated, durability and appropriateness for the task, and fit

PPE FOR STANDARD PRECAUTIONS;-

Gloves, gowns, and/or mask, goggles, face shield

WHEN WOULD A PERSON USE GLOVES;-

Use when touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, contaminated items; for touching mucus membranes and nonintact skin

WHEN WOULD A PERSON USE GOWNS;-

Use during procedures and patient care activities when contact of clothing/ exposed skin with blood/body fluids, secretions, or excretions is anticipated

WHEN WOULD A PERSON USE A MASK/GOGGLES/FACE SHIELDS:-

Use during patient care activities likely to generate splashes or sprays of blood, body fluids, secretions, or excretions

PROCEDURES FOR DONNING GLOVES;-

Don gloves last, select correct type and size, then insert hands into gloves

SAFELY USING GLOVES;-

Keep gloves away from face, avoid touching or adjusting other PPE, remove gloves if they become torn, and limit surfaces touched

PROCEDURES FOR REMOVING GLOVES;-

Grasp outside edge near wrist, peel away from hand, turning glove inside out, hold in opposite hand

PROCEDURES FOR REMOVING GLOVES OTHER HAND;-

Slide ungloved finger under the wrist of the remaining glove, peel off from inside, then creating a bag for both gloves, then discard

HAND HYGIENE;-

Wash hand immediately after removing PPE. Make sure to use soap and water or use an alcohol based hand rub

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Source:- MDSMAFE

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