PATHOGNOMONIC SIGNS

PATHOGNOMONIC SIGNS

OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES;-

1. COPD – Barrel Chested

2. Pneumonia – Greenish Rusty Sputum

3. Pernicious Anemia – Beefy Red Tongue (Schilling’s Test)

4. Kawasaki Dse. – Strawberry Tongue

5. Malaria – Flu sign (high fever,body aches/hot and cold stage,rigor, headache)

6. Typhoid – Stepladder fever ( Rose Spot)

7. Tetany – Chvostek Sign (Muscle Twitching Face)
– Trosseau’s Sign (Jerky Mov’ts)

8. Pancreatitis – Cullen Sign (Bluish discoloration preumbilical area)

9. Appendicitis – McBurney’s Point (rebound tenderness)
– Rovsing Sign (RLQ pain w/ palpation in LLQ)
– Psoas Sign(pain on lying down putting pressure on MB pt)

10. Thrombophlebitis – Homan’s Sign

11. Hepatitis – Icteric Sclera (yellowish discoloration of sclera)

12. Meningitis – Brudzinski’s Sign ( neck stiffness,/hip and leg pain )
– Kernig’s Sign (pain knee and leg area)

13. Pyloric Stenosis – Olive-Shaped Mass

14. Hyperthyroidism – Exopthalmus

15. Addison’s Dse. – Bronze-like skin

16. Cushing Syndrome- Bu falo Hump

17. Cholera – Rice Watery Stool

18. SLE – Butterfly Rashes

19. Leprosy – Leoning Face (contracted face)

20. Bulimia Nervosa – Chipmunk Face

21. Liver Cirrhosis – Spider Angioma

22. Asthma – Wheezing Inspiration

23. Hyperpituitarism – CAROTENEMIA (Discoloration of skin)
– XANTHAMIA

24. Down Syndrome- Single Crease on Palm

25.TOF – Clubbing of Fingernails
Ventricular Septal Defect
Pulmonary Stenosis
Overriding of Aorta
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy

26.Cataract – Blurry Vision / Hizzy Vision

27.Glucoma – Tunnel-like Vision

28. PTB – Low grade fever in a ternoon

29. Cholecystitis- Murphy’s Sign (pain RUQ)

30. Myasthemia Gravis (MG) – Ptosis (inability to open upper eyelids)

31. Dengue – Petechiae

32. Parkinson’s Dse. – Pill Rolling Tremors

33. MI – Levine’s Sign (Clutching of the chest)

34. Measles – Koplick’s Spot

Thank you 🙏

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