MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY YOU SHOULD KNOW

*1.Anaemia – Deficiency of haemoglobin in the blood*

*2. Analgesic – Medicine which alleviates pain*

*3. Arthralgia – Pain in a joint*

*4. Cephalalgia – Headache*

*5. Nephralgia – Pain in the kidney*

*6. Neuralgia – Nerve pain*

*7. Myalgia – Muscle pain*

*8. Otalgia – Ear ache*

*9. Gastralgia – Pain in the stomach*

*10. Pyoderma – Skin infection with pus formation*

*11. Leucoderma -Defective skin pigmentaion*

*12. Hysterodynia – Pain in the uterus*

*13. Hysterectomy – Excision of the uterus*

*14. Nephrectomy – Excision of a kidney*

*15. Adenectomy – Excision of a gland*

*16. Cholecystectomy – Excision of gall bladder*

*17. Thyroidectomy – Excision of thyroid gland*

*18. Arthritis – Inflammation of a joint*

*19. Bronchitis – Inflammation of the bronchi*

*20. Carditis – Inflammation of the heart*

*21. Cervicitis – Inflammation of the cervix*

*22. Colitis – Inflammation of the colon*

*23. Colpitis – Inflammation of the vagina*

*24. Cystitis – Inflammation of the urinary bladder*

*25. Enteritis – Inflammation of the intestines*

*26. Gastritis – Inflammation of the stomach*

*27. Glossitis – Inflammation of the tongue*

*28. Hepatitis – Inflammation of the liver*

*29. Laryngitis – Inflammation of the larynx*

*30. Metritis – Inflammation of the uterus*

*31. Myelitis – Inflammation of the spinal cord*

*32. Nephritis – Inflammation of the kidney*

*33. Pharyngitis – Inflammation of the pharynx*

*34. Blepharitis -Inflammation of the eyelids*

*35. Cholelithiasis – Stone in the gall bladder*

*36. Nephrolithiasis – Stone in the kidney*

*37. Osteomalacia – Softening of bones through deficiency of calcium or D vitamin*

*38. Adenoma -Benign tumour of glandular tissue*

*39. Myoma – Tumour of muscle*

*40. Diplopia – Double vision*

*41. Thrombosis – Formation of a blood clot*

*42. Pyloromyotomy – Incision of pyloric sphincter muscle*

*43. Hedrophobia – Fear of water(Rabies in humans)*

*44. Neuroplasty- Surgical repair of nerves*

*45. Pyloraplasty -Incision of plastic pylorus to widen passage*

*46. Hemiplegia – Paralysis of one side of the body*

*47. Nephroptosis – Downward displacement of the kidney*

*48. Amenorrhoea – Absence of menstrual discharge*

*49. Dysmenorrhoea – Painful menstruation*

*50. Leucorrhoea – Whitish vaginal discharge*

*51. Menorrhoea – Menstrual bleeding*

*52. Haemorrhage- Escape of blood from a vessel*

*53. Arrhythmia -Any deviation of normal rhythm of heart*

*54. Cholestasis – Diminution in the flow of bile*

*55. Haemostatis – Arrest of bleeding**

56. Neurasthenia – Nervous debility*

*57. Cystostomy – Surgical opening made into the bladder*

*58. Cystotomy – Incision into the urinary bladder*

*59. Hypertrophy – Increase in the size of tissues*

*60. Haematuria – Blood in the urine*

*61. Glycosuria – Presence of sugar in the urine*

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